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Keloid scars are a common skin concern that can arise from various types of skin injuries, including acne and body piercings. These raised, often darkened, areas of skin can cause discomfort and self-consciousness for those who have them. At Canova Medical in Wilmslow, we offer a range of treatments, including keloid removal surgery, to help you regain confidence in your skin.

Understanding Keloid Scars From Acne to Body Piercing


What are Keloid Scars?

Keloid scars are a type of raised scar that occurs where the skin has healed after an injury. They can form where the skin has been broken, such as from a cut, burn, or severe acne. Interestingly, they can also form as a result of body modifications, such as body piercing.

“Keloid scars are more than just a cosmetic concern; they can also cause discomfort and itchiness. But the good news is, they can be treated.”

How Do Keloid Scars Form?

When the skin is injured, your body works to repair the damage. This process involves the formation of new collagen fibres. In some cases, the body produces too much collagen, leading to a build-up of tissue on the surface of the skin. This excess tissue forms a keloid scar.

From Acne to Body Piercing: Common Causes of Keloid Scars

Two common causes of keloid scars are acne and body piercings. Severe acne can cause deep wounds in the skin, which can lead to keloid scars once they heal. Similarly, body piercings create a wound in the skin, and if your body overproduces collagen during the healing process, a keloid scar can form around the piercing site.

Preventing and Treating Keloid Scars

Preventing keloid scars involves proper wound care and avoiding unnecessary skin trauma. If you’re prone to keloids, you might want to reconsider body modifications like piercings or tattoos. For acne, it’s crucial to avoid picking or popping pimples, which can lead to scarring. If you already have keloid scars, there are several treatment options available. At Canova Medical, we offer keloid removal surgery, a procedure that carefully removes the excess scar tissue. This procedure is often combined with other treatments, such as steroid injections, to reduce the risk of the keloid returning. In addition to surgical options, we also provide a variety of non-surgical treatments that can help improve the appearance of keloid scars. These include laser treatments, which can flatten keloids and reduce redness, and cryotherapy, which can freeze the scar tissue to help shrink keloids.

Remember, every skin is unique. What works for one person may not work for another. It’s always best to consult with a professional to discuss the best treatment options for your specific needs. At our Cheshire clinic, we’re here to help you on your journey to healthier, more confident skin.

Causes and Risk Factors

Keloids are caused by an overactive response to skin injuries. When your skin is injured — by a cut, bite, surgery, or acne, for example — your body produces more of a protein called collagen as part of the healing process. Collagen, which is responsible for the skin’s elasticity, usually breaks down over time. But in the case of keloids, the collagen doesn’t degrade, leading to an excess of this protein in the skin, which forms a keloid.

Certain factors can increase your risk of developing keloids:

  1. Genetics: If you have a family history of keloids, you’re more likely to develop them.
  2. Skin type: People with darker skin are more prone to keloids than those with lighter skin.
  3. Age and sex: Keloids can occur at any age, but they’re more common in younger individuals. Women are also more likely to develop keloids, especially during puberty and pregnancy.


Treatment for keloids can be challenging because they often recur after being removed. The goal of treatment is to flatten and reduce the appearance of the keloid, relieve any symptoms such as itchiness or tenderness, and prevent the formation of new keloids. Treatment options include:

  1. Corticosteroid injections: These are used to reduce inflammation, which can help flatten the keloid.
  2. Laser therapy: This can help reduce the size of the keloid and improve its appearance.
  3. Surgery: In some cases, keloids may be surgically removed, although there’s a risk they’ll grow back larger than before.
  4. Cryotherapy: This involves freezing the keloid with liquid nitrogen to shrink it.

It’s important to consult with a dermatologist or a healthcare provider to discuss the best treatment options for you.

Need help deciding whether Keloid removal surgery is the right treatment for you?

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